It is the psychic process that ensures the encapsulation, storage and updating of the information from the previous experience.
Memory has 3 phases:
1) Incorporation (information is taken over by the sense organs translated into a code that will then be processed in the brain).
2) Storing allows you to retain information for a certain amount of time.
3) Retrospection of information requires that we now have the information we need to use in the context.
Characteristics of needs:
1) Memory is an active process, meaning the information will be transformed and different for each individual.
2) Memory is a comprehensible process that is understood, that is, it provides only information that we understand, not only that which has been memorized.
3) Memory is a selective process: select from each context something more relevant and important to us.
Forms of memory:
1) Sensory memory – takes a few milliseconds and occurs at the level of sense organs.
2) Work memory takes a few tens of seconds.
3) Long-term memory – it takes a few minutes to life.
eg: information is memorized by category and meaning.
1) Strategy theory
2) Theory of interference
3) Scheduled forgotten theory