3 phases of memory and features of needs


It is the psychic process that ensures the encapsulation, storage and updating of the information from the previous experience.

Memory has 3 phases:

1) Incorporation (information is taken over by the sense organs translated into a code that will then be processed in the brain).

2) Storing allows you to retain information for a certain amount of time.

3) Retrospection of information requires that we now have the information we need to use in the context.

Characteristics of needs:

1) Memory is an active process, meaning the information will be transformed and different for each individual.

2) Memory is a comprehensible process that is understood, that is, it provides only information that we understand, not only that which has been memorized.

3) Memory is a selective process: select from each context something more relevant and important to us.

Forms of memory:

1) Sensory memory – takes a few milliseconds and occurs at the level of sense organs.

2) Work memory takes a few tens of seconds.

3) Long-term memory – it takes a few minutes to life.

eg: information is memorized by category and meaning.


1) Strategy theory

2) Theory of interference

3) Scheduled forgotten theory

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